The history of such agreements between the United States and other countries dates back to the 18th century – in 1778, the United States signed agreements on relations and trade relations with France. Since these agreements, it has become the norm for U.S. governments to enter into such contracts with other countries to facilitate and simplify investment and business activities and to strengthen political relations. The “Treaty on Friendly and Economic Relations between the Kingdom of Thailand and the United States of America” was signed in 1833 and amended in 1966/68. Under this U.S. Thai treaty, U.S. companies are exempt from most of the restrictions on foreign investment imposed by the Commercial Enterprises Act (FBA) in Thailand. This allows (i) to conduct transactions in Thailand with a Thai company up to 100% from the United States or the branch or representative office of a U.S. company and (ii) to obtain national treatment, i.e. to conduct transactions on the same basis as Thai companies and to be exempt from most restrictions on foreign investment. PUGNATORIUS Ltd. does not provide legal assistance for the use of the certification contract as an individual contractor and does not provide legal advice on compliance with Thai laws, including work permit requirements. However, each High Contracting Party reserves the right: (a) to grant specific tax benefits solely on the basis of reciprocity or under agreements to avoid double taxation or reciprocal protection of income; and (b) to apply specific requirements to the personal exemptions authorized by non-residents in terms of inheritance and income.
After the 1953 coup in Iran, the United States and Iran began negotiations for a treaty of indifference between them. This contract was signed in 1955 and signed by Dwight Eisenhower and Hossein Ala. During the hostage crisis in Iran after the Iranian revolution, the United States imposed sanctions on Iran in violation of Article 1 of the treaty, but Iran did not invoke the treaty. Finally, the United States would invoke the treaty, which states that Iran violates Article 2, paragraph 4, of the treaty, which provides for the protection of the citizens of both countries.