The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. A number of bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements have made goods controls less intrusive; The completion of the European internal market in 1992 led to the end of goods controls. However, during the riots in Northern Ireland, British military checkpoints occurred at major border crossings and British security forces made some, but not all, crossing points impassable. In 2005, in the implementation phase of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, the last of the border checkpoints was abolished.  TAKE ACT of the agreements reached between the Kingdom of Spain and the United Kingdom on 29 September 6, 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK Government had planned to develop new legislation to circumvent the protocol for withdrawing from the Protocol on Northern Ireland, 29 November 2018 on citizens` rights, tobacco and other products, environmental cooperation and police and customs cooperation, as well as the agreement reached on 29 November 2018 on the conclusion of an agreement on taxation and the protection of financial interests.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.
 Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The 15 working-day period covered by Article 4, paragraph 5 of Regulation (EC) 139/2004 has expired without one of the Member States responsible for reviewing the merger in accordance with their national competition law expressing its opposition to the request to transfer the case to the European Commission; 1. Without prejudice to Article 127, paragraph 2, the United Kingdom is bound, during the transitional period, by the obligations arising from the international agreements concluded by the Union, of Member States acting on their behalf, or of the Union and its Member States acting jointly, in accordance with Article 2, point a) iv. (*1) Given the history of Northern Ireland and peace-organizing agreements, the border is a sensitive issue to which the elimination of visible signs of the border has been a part. NOTE that the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement of 10 April 1998 between the Government of the United Kingdom, the Government of Ireland and other participants in the multi-party negotiations (the 1998 agreement) is annexed to the Anglo-Irish Agreement of the same date (“the British-Irish Agreement”), including its subsequent agreements and implementation agreements, the Northern Ireland Protocol, negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson last October, is part of the withdrawal agreement (which some have described as a “divorce agreement”) in which the UK left the EU on 31 January 2020. the seat agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Banking Authority of 8 May 2012, the exchange of letters on the application of the European Communities` Privileges and Immunities Protocol to the European Medicines Assessment Agency in the United Kingdom, dated 24 June 1996, and the Agreement on the Inclusion of the Observat